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Komunikasi guru dalam bilik darjah dan tingkah laku Delinkuen murid sekolah menengah

Mohd Khairuddin Abdullah, Khalid Hj Johari, Ag Yusof Ag Chuchu, Halimah Laji

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords :

Abstract : Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara komunikasi guru dalam bilik darjah dengan tingkah laku delinkuen murid sekolah menengah sebuah daerah di Sabah. Kaedah tinjauan menggunakan soal selidik melibatkan responden seramai 80 orang guru. Data-data kajian dianalisis melalui SPSS V18. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa halangan kepada keberkesanan komunikasi guru dalam bilik darjah ialah sikap atau tingkahlaku dan sosioemosi guru itu sendiri seperti guru selalu tidak masuk kelas, mudah marah, membosankan dan kawalan yang lemah. Analisis korelasi pearson menunjukkan wujud hubungan negatif yang signifikan antara komunikasi guru dalam bilik darjah, komunikasi lisan dan bukan lisan guru, komunikasi guru dalam bilik darjah dengan tingkah laku delinkuen murid.

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Penggunaan bahan visual di kalangan guru teknikal

Azura binti Mohd Nor, Sabariah binti Sharif

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords :

Abstract : Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tahap penggunaan bahan visual di kalangan guru-guru teknikal, kemahiran guru-guru teknikal dalam literasi visual dan sikap mereka terhadap literasi visual. Selain itu, kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk melihat limitasi yang dihadapi dalam penggunaan bahan visual dalam pengajaran di kelas. Rekabentuk kajian ini adalah berbentuk kuantitatif dengan menggunakan soal selidik sebagai instrumen. Populasi kajian adalah guru-guru yang mengajar mata pelajaran teknikal sekolah menengah di Kota Kinabalu. Manakala sampel yang terlibat adalah sebanyak 120 guru yang dipilih menggunakan kaedah persampelan rawak berstrata. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan analisis deskriptif bagi pemboleh ubah pengalaman mengajar, penggunaan bahan visual, sikap dan limitasi. Seterusnya objektif kajian adalah untuk melihat perbezaan pemboleh ubah berdasarkan pengalaman mengajar dan hubungan antara pemboleh ubah, analisis inferensi digunakan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan tahap penggunaan bahan visual di kalangan guru teknikal adalah sederhana. Selain itu, tahap kemahiran guru teknikal juga didapati berada pada tahap tinggi dan guru-guru teknikal mempunyai sikap yang positif terhadap literasi visual. Walau bagaimanapun, guru-guru teknikal masih menghadapi limitasi yang sederhana dalam mengaplikasikan penggunaan bahan visual dalam pengajaran di kelas. Maka dapat disimpulkan bahawa walaupun menghadapi masalah tertentu namun guru-guru teknikal masih bersikap positif terhadap literasi visual dan mengaplikasikannya dalam pengajaran di kelas.

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Sikap dan kebimbangan kimia dalam kalangan pelajar aliran sains: satu pendekatan pemodelan persamaan struktural (SEM)

Adeline Leong Suk Yee, Lay Yoon Fah

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords :

Abstract : Kajian kuantitatif ini adalah untuk meninjau tahap kebimbangan dan sikap terhadap kimia pelajar aliran sains. Selain itu, kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk menyiasat hubungan dan pengaruh kebimbangan kimia terhadap sikap pelajar. Responden kajian terdiri daripada 479 orang pelajar aliran sains yang mengambil mata pelajaran kimia dari sepuluh buah sekolah menengah di daerah Kudat, Sabah. Kaedah persampelan rawak bertujuan digunakan dalam kajian ini. Kajian ini berbentuk tinjauan-deskriptif yang menggunakan soal selidik. Instrumen kajian yang digunakan dalam kajian ini, mengandungi 60 item berskala Likert 5 poin yang diadaptasi dari instrumen penyelidikan. Analisis deskriptif, korelasi Pearson, analisis regresi pelbagai stepwise dan Partial Least Square (PLS) digunakan untuk menganalisis data yang dikumpul. Dapatan deskriptif menunjukkan tahap kebimbangan kimia pelajar adalah sederhana dan majoritinya pelajar menunjukkan sikap terhadap kimia yang tinggi. Daripada hasil analisis, faktor kepentingan kimia dalam kehidupan dan gabungan keseluruhan faktor sikap terhadap kimia menunjukkan perbezaan yang signifikan dari aspek lokasi sekolah. Analisis korelasi menunjukkan wujudnya hubungan yang signifikan negatif antara faktor kebimbangan kimia dengan sikap terhadap kimia. Analisis regresi pelbagai stepwise menunjukkan faktor kebimbangan terhadap pembelajaran kimia menyumbang kepada sikap terhadap kimia. Keputusan analisis SEM (structural equation modeling) menunjukkan bahawa kebimbangan kimia memberi kesan secara negatif terhadap sikap terhadap kimia dengan menyumbang sebanyak 14%. Dari segi implikasinya kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa kebimbangan pelajar terhadap mata pelajaran kimia perlu dikikis bagi menunjukkan sikap yang positif dalam mempelajari kimia sekaligus meningkatkan pencapaian. Guru-guru perlu berusaha membentuk pengajaran yang inovatif bagi menarik minat pelajar dan membantu pembelajaran pelajar.

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Relationships between the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour dimensions of environmental literacy: a structural equation modeling approach using SMARTPLS

Lay Yoon Fah, Anuthra Sirisena

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords : Environmental literacy, Environmental knowledge, Environmental attitudes, Environmental behaviour, Structural Equation Modeling, Environmental education

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to assess environmental literacy which includes the dimensions of environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour among Malaysian Form 4 secondary school students. This study was also aimed to ascertain differences in environmental literacy based on students’ gender and school location. The relationships and the contribution of environmental knowledge and environmental attitudes to environmental behaviours were also studied. The ultimate goal of this study was to propose a structural model which explains the direct and indirect effects of the three dimensions of environmental literacy by using SmartPLS. This study involved administering the Environmental Literacy Survey (ELS), a version of the Green’s (1999) modified Wisconsin Environmental Survey. This study offers a snapshot of environmental literacy among Form 4 secondary school students as well as an insight on the direct and indirect effects among the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour dimensions of environmental literacy

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What happened with pupils’ oral production when engaged in games?

Hamzah Md. Omar & Nurul Nazira Hamzah

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords :

Abstract : This study reports on the trends and concerns of ESL teacher trainees in using game strategy to improve speaking skill in a rural and remote primary schoolThis study was conducted over three weeks with five remote areas primary schools pupils under the Malubang Outreach Programme, in Malubang, Pitas in Sabah. This study involved 22 TESL (Teaching of English as A Second Language) education undergraduates in the School of Education and Social Development at University of Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia. Teacher trainees used game strategy throughout to improve pupils? oral skills. Data were collected through observation, questionnaires, and reflective essays. In sum, this study revealed the concerns of teacher trainees using game strategy comprised of restructuring teacher trainees? instructional techniques based on the following: The internal and external environment conditions that influenced the effectiveness of various language games used, for example, instructional setting; group dynamics; communication patterns and modes; organization, cultural factors and distance/time factors and management of the learning environment and technology.

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Psychological skills assessment and referee rugby sevens performance

Mohamad Nizam Nazarudin, Hasnol Noordin, Pathmanathan K. Suppiah, Mohamad Razali Abdullah, Mohd Sofian Omar Fauzee, Nagoor Meera Abdullah

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords : Sports, Psychology, Rugby Referee

Abstract : This study aims to examine the psychological skills that are commonly used among referees rugby sevens and their relationship with referees’ performance. The Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports (Mahoney, Gabriel, & Perkins, 1987) was adapted and modified specifically for use by rugby sevens referees. It was administered to 132 rugby sevens referee (mean age 33.4 + 1.5 years; 132 males) of the Malaysian Rugby Union (MRU) which has been refereed in 10 rugby sevens tournament in Malaysia. The psychological skills variables employed in the questionnaire included confidence, anxiety management, mental preparation, motivation and concentration. The IRB Referee Sevens Performance Evaluation Form (r=0.94) was used to evaluate referee performance. These instruments measure the performance variable that contains the dimensions of control, communication, application of the law and the positioning. The descriptive statistics of the variables are Psychological skills (M= 120.14, SD= 6.97) and performance (M= 136.45, SD= 4.47) identified at a moderate level. Findings indicated no significant differences [F= (3, 72) =.636, p>0.05] in psychological skills across age levels but there are significant differences [F= (3, 128) =57.616, p<0.05] across experience levels. Highly experienced referees scored significantly higher in all psychological constructs compared to less experienced referees. Variables that showed strong and positive relationships with performance were anxiety management (r= .61), concentration (r= .57), confidence(r= .54) and motivation (r= .50). In conclusion, the psychological skills assessment can improve the efficacy of rugby referees and recommends that referee coaches increase the use of psychological skills in competitions and future training. Researchers should investigate the effectiveness of applied sport psychology interventions in enhancing referee performance in the future.

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Malaysian ethnic groups and the culture of football fans attendance during EPL clubs friendly matches in Malaysia

Mohamed @ Mohd Sadek Mustaffa, Mohamad Nizam Nazarudin, Borhan Yusof, Siti Aishah Wahab, Mohd Radzani Abdul Razak

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords : Culture, Ethnic, Sport Attendance, Sport Fans, EPL clubs

Abstract : The involvement of Malaysian and the football fans in the English Premier League is real. Malaysia Airlines System (MAS) and Air Asia are the pure examples which involving in sponsoring EPL teams such as Manchester United, Liverpool and others. For the session year 2011-2012, they have moved another step further, where Malaysian not only sponsors the EPL team but they are the new owner of Queen Park Ranger and Cardiff City Club. Football is a team sport which is the most played and watched in the world, whether we actively participate as a player or simply attend as a fan or spectator. The popularity of football has increased especially in the 20th century. Recently, football is a lucrative industry through the authority of media broadcast income and ticket sales at stadiums. Millions of fans usually go to the football stadium to follow their favourite teams, while billions are watch football game on television. Malaysia's key issue is there are no consistencies in sport fans attendance which conducted in Malaysia. So, are better understandings of the culture of football attendance can increase fans attendance? And are the background of the fans can be part of influencing the attendance of fans to football friendly matches in Malaysia? The purpose of this study is to identify the culture of football fans attendance on English Premier League in Malaysia and to support for using the theory of planned behavior for selection of factors in conducting research regarding why people attend to watch EPL clubs in Malaysia. This study is a descriptive research, and the instrument that has been use is questionnaire which was adapted from Ketra L. Armstrong (2008). The sample size of this study is (n=815), and the participants of this research is from EPL sport fans club in Malaysia. The data was analyzed by using one-way ANOVA, and multiple regressions. Multiple regression shows that event attractiveness factor by getting experience of feeling while attending the match (?=.259) can increase the attendance of football fans. Simultaneously, event accessibility factor the researcher found that if the match held on appropriate day (?=.127) has influence to EPL fans attendance, although in this research the result shows that when the time and when the match will be held cannot influence them (?=.122) (?=.124). While event culture, when the organizer of the match provide a special giveaways and get the special merchandise from the match (?=.097) (?=.090) show significant on the attendance of sport fans. The results have the ability to provide much needed findings for event tournament, sponsors, and event organizer as they continue to develop methods to increase fans attendance.

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The effect of static, proprioceptive neuromuscular fascilitation and dynamic stretching on the activation of hamstring muscle among preadolescence

Mohamed @ Mohd Sadek Mustaffa, Mohamad Nizam Nazarudin, Mohd Azemir Mustafa, Borhan Yusof, Mohd Radzani Abdul Razak, Tajul Arifin Muhamad

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords : Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, dynamic streching, hamstrings activation

Abstract : Introduction: Flexibility of the hamstring muscle can enhance performance in sports through prevention of injury, muscular and postural imbalance, maintenance of full range of joint movement and optimal musculoskeletal function (Schuback, Hooper & Salisbury, 2004). Sullivan, Murray & Sainsbury (2009) stated that decreased hamstring flexibility was suggested to be one of the predisposing factors for hamstring strains and hamstring stretches were routinely used as part of an exercise routine. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the more effective stretching method between static, PNF, and dynamic stretching on the activation of hamstring muscles among preadolescence and its relationship with power. Method: This research employed pre and post experimental design which comparing between and within subjects. Eighty subjects were assigned to four groups consist of static, PNF, dynamic and control group. Each participant exhibited tight hamstrings. Tight hamstrings were defined as a 30 degree knee extension deficit with the hip at 90 degree as described by Bandy et al (1997) & Gajdosik et al (1983). All of the participants was sedentary and not athletes. They were selected based on the low result from SEGAK (National Physical Fitness Standard).Each of the group followed six weeks intervention program except the control group. Outcome measures were measured using pre and post test. Statistical analyses used were mixed between-within subjects ANOVA and Pearson product moment correlation. Result & Discussion: Hamstring muscle activation following interventions with PNF was superior compared to other forms of stretching (p < 0.05). Sit and reach test, F (3, 76) = 25.57; p < 0.05, knee flexion test (dominant leg), F (3, 76) = 17.414; p < 0.05, knee flexion test (non dominant leg), F (3, 76) = 22.264; p < 0.05. Relationship between sit and reach test with vertical jump, r = -0.435, p < 0.05. Conclusion: PNF stretching was the effective treatment compared to static or dynamic stretching, however moderate and inverse relationship between flexibility and power.

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