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Relationships between the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour dimensions of environmental literacy: a structural equation modeling approach using SMARTPLS

Lay Yoon Fah, Anuthra Sirisena

Volume : vol 5, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-01

Keywords : Environmental literacy, Environmental knowledge, Environmental attitudes, Environmental behaviour, Structural Equation Modeling, Environmental education

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to assess environmental literacy which includes the dimensions of environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour among Malaysian Form 4 secondary school students. This study was also aimed to ascertain differences in environmental literacy based on students’ gender and school location. The relationships and the contribution of environmental knowledge and environmental attitudes to environmental behaviours were also studied. The ultimate goal of this study was to propose a structural model which explains the direct and indirect effects of the three dimensions of environmental literacy by using SmartPLS. This study involved administering the Environmental Literacy Survey (ELS), a version of the Green’s (1999) modified Wisconsin Environmental Survey. This study offers a snapshot of environmental literacy among Form 4 secondary school students as well as an insight on the direct and indirect effects among the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour dimensions of environmental literacy

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Loh Yoke Len, Chua Yong Wei, Chelster Sherralyn Jeoffrey Pudin, Natalie Ann Gregory, Priscilla Shak Yee Ping, & Yoon Sook Jhee

Volume : vol 6, 2015

Publication Date : 2015-12-01

Keywords : International students, foundation/preparatory programme, English language proficiency, tertiary education

Abstract : In addition to the entry criterion of obtaining the stipulated minimum IELTS band or TOEFL score, an alternative route taken by international students is to participate in a preparatory programme and achieve the required results. Many of these students select the latter option due to their low proficiency level of English. The current research examined a foundation programme for international students in terms of its curriculum via a questionnaire survey, focus group discussion, and face-to-face semi-structured interviews. The sample comprised former students of the programme who are currently studying in Universiti Malaysia Sabah, lecturers teaching these students, and deans of schools where these students are studying. Based on the findings, an alternative programme is proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the existing programme

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Amsah Arase, Nurzatulshima Kamarudin & Aminuddin Hassan

Volume : vol 7, 2016

Publication Date : 2017-02-02

Keywords : Higher order thinking skills, science, education, lesson, learning, teaching

Abstract : The development of students’ capabilities in Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) is currently embraced as a very critical and important matter in the Malaysian schooling system. It needs a specific attention as the country lately has going through the transformation in the education sector specifically in the area of students’ HOTS development. The teachings of HOTS need to be integrated in the subject syllabus purposefully in a wellplanned effort to educate and train the students to think in a higher level manner to solve problems individually or cooperatively. Therefore, teachers have to move and shift their paradigm and practice from the traditional exam oriented classroom teaching into instructional practices that promote the skills. The literature review study reveals that teachers have lower capabilities and competencies in integrating and fostering thinking skills in teaching their subject matter. This paper examines the conceptual definition of HOTS generally in the various teachers’ classroom setting and education level and to be specifically within the context of science lesson. Some of the key focuses mentioned are the approaches, strategies and model in teaching thinking skills. Recommendations are also made regarding the classroom practices in teaching HOTS in science lesson contexts. The implication of this paper lies for its possibilities to contribute to the source of reference for teaching HOTS that might be referred with.

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The Relationship between Form 4 Students’ Perceptions of Science Classroom Environment and Attitudes towards Science

Leona A Candia & Lay Yoon Fah

Volume : vol 8, 2017

Publication Date : 2018-04-04

Keywords : Science classroom environment, attitudes toward science, gender, school locations, rural, urban, science education, interest in science

Abstract : It is essential to develop positive attitudes towards science as one of the legitimate goals of science education in Malaysia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between students’ perceptions of science classroom environment and attitudes toward science. This study was a non-experimental quantitative research and employed a sample survey method to collect data. Samples were selected by using the two-stage cluster random sampling. In this study, the Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was adopted to measure students’ attitudes towards science while students’ perception towards classroom environment was measured with the ‘What Is Happening In This Class’ (WIHIC) instrument. Independent sample t-test, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis were used to test the stated null hypotheses at a predetermined significance level, alpha = .05. Data analysis showed that gender and school locations did not have a significant effect on students’ perceptions of science classroom environment. Gender also did not have a significant effect on students’ attitudes toward science. However, school locations had a significant effect on students’ attitudes toward science in which urban schools’ students had more positive attitudes toward science than their rural peers. Correlation analysis results showed that there was positive low to moderate significant correlations between students’ perceptions of science classroom environment and attitudes toward science. Multiple regression analysis showed that students’ perception of science classroom environment is a significant predictor of students’ attitudes toward science in Tenom and Kota Kinabalu. Further analysis showed that WIHIC’s subscale of Task Orientation is the most significant predictor to students’ attitudes towards science. It is suggested that science teachers emphasize the completion of science work and activities to improve students’ overall attitudes towards science. Not only that, further help is needed from school and education administrators to improve teaching and learning instruments for science teachers to make varieties of science activities to accommodate students’ learning.

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